Passive Voice

CikguNabil   August 1, 2016   No Comments on Passive Voice

Compare two sentences below:

  1. The chef cooked the food. (Chef itu telah memasak makanan itu)
  2. The food was cooked by the chef. (Makanan itu telah dimasak oleh chef itu)

There are two forms of sentence in English.

  1. Active voice (subjek ayat adalah Si Pelaku perbuatan )

Amir ate the fruits. (Amir telah makan buah-buahan itu )

2. Passive voice (subjek ayat adalah perbuatan yang dilakukan oleh Si Pelaku )

The fruits were eaten by Amir.  (Buah-buahan itu telah dimakan oleh Amir)




Sometimes in Passive Voice sentence we don’t need to mention the doer/agent. (Si pelaku)

All the work will be completed by tomorrow.

A new building was built behind the old school.

The food on the table are prepared for the special guests.

The T-shirt is made of cotton.


How to form a passive voice:

is/are/was/were/will be + (past participle of a verb)

Past Participle is NOT a Past Tense form. You must know the Past Participle for every verb.


go = gone

do = done

make = made

blow = blown

eat = eaten

write = written

==>>Click here for more Past Participle list.


Read the examples:

Active voice: Ali wrote the letter.
Passive voice: The letter was written by Ali

Active voice: Tina ate the Nasi Lemak.
Passive voice: The Nasi Lemak was eaten by Tina.

Active voice: The school will plan a meeting with parents.
Passive voice: A meeting with parents will be planned  by the school.

passive 2


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