Compare two sentences below:
- The chef cooked the food. (Chef itu telah memasak makanan itu)
- The food was cooked by the chef. (Makanan itu telah dimasak oleh chef itu)
There are two forms of sentence in English.
- Active voice (subjek ayat adalah Si Pelaku perbuatan )
Amir ate the fruits. (Amir telah makan buah-buahan itu )
2. Passive voice (subjek ayat adalah perbuatan yang dilakukan oleh Si Pelaku )
The fruits were eaten by Amir. (Buah-buahan itu telah dimakan oleh Amir)
Sometimes in Passive Voice sentence we don’t need to mention the doer/agent. (Si pelaku)
All the work will be completed by tomorrow.
A new building was built behind the old school.
The food on the table are prepared for the special guests.
The T-shirt is made of cotton.
How to form a passive voice:
is/are/was/were/will be + (past participle of a verb)
Past Participle is NOT a Past Tense form. You must know the Past Participle for every verb.
go = gone
do = done
make = made
blow = blown
eat = eaten
write = written
Read the examples:
Active voice: Ali wrote the letter.
Passive voice: The letter was written by Ali
Active voice: Tina ate the Nasi Lemak.
Passive voice: The Nasi Lemak was eaten by Tina.
Active voice: The school will plan a meeting with parents.
Passive voice: A meeting with parents will be planned by the school.